All the Handout solutions and the Chemistry you should know from Grade 11 are here.

Class notes and Nelson Chemistry 12 Text Solutions available from here. 

Unit outlines & Unit Specific Links
Here you will find an approximate outline of the material we will be covering for each unit.  Use this information to read ahead or catch up if you are away.


Marks:  These are the raw data only and are subject to change.  This information will be updated after each unit Test.  Please see me if something was entered incorrectly.

Updated after each test.

Forgot your text?  See me for a CD! or try this  .ZIP

SCH4U - Grade 12 Chemistry - Links

Check below for some general and some Unit Specific Sites

Explorelearning has science Gizmos that are designed very well.  Use the code given to you in class for your section and register.  Need help registering?  Remember to check out the exploration guide for each Gizmo and to check your answers for each.  These must be completed by the end of each unit.

 Quizme BC - this site can provide you with random quizzes to see if you are doing ok.  Choose your course and unit, then try some questions.

Need some little tutorials?  Try Khan Academy!  Some of the items go into more detail than we need but many of the topics are bang on. 

Howstuffworks has tons of information.  The image is linked to their videos.  Go in and search the video database for any topic related to what we are doing at the time.  You are sure to find a great explanation of the topic.

If you find an excellent one, let me know and I will create a link to it directly.


 SCH4U Unit Specific Links

Check below for some specific links that I have found for each unit.  If you find something that you think would be useful for your classmates, let me know and I will add it to our resources.


Organic Nomenclature:

Alkane Nomenclature.  Power pointWebsite with quiz.

Naming Alkanes worksheet for class.

Introductory Organic Nomenclature - Pick the functional groups that we work on and be sure to try the 'Drills'

Basic Organic Nomenclature - Great explanations.  Give them a read if you need help.  'Specifically, try the Nomenclature Quizzes'

Introduction to Organic Nomenclature  -  Does more that what we do in class.  Choose our stuff.  It has great models for all molecules.

The Isomer Construction Set - Lets you build isomers and identify which ones are actually unique.

Structure and Bonding:

Bohr model video.  An explanation of the absorption of energy and electrons moving levels.  (requires Quicktime)

A comparison of atomic models video.  (requires Quicktime)

A Prezi on the evolution of atomic models.  This might help you review.

The Quantum Mechanical Model video.  (requires Quicktime)

Rutherford Scattering          How did Rutherford figure out the structure of the atomic nucleus without looking at it?

Neon Lights and Discharge Lamps      See how the characteristic spectra of different elements are produced

A full set of notes for Electron Configurations.

Electron configuarion Periodic Table.  Click on an element and see it's electron config.

Trends in the Periodic Table.  Notes.

Trends in Ionization Energy.  Khan

sp3 hybridization video(requires Quicktime)

Another Hybridization Video.  Watch this to help you out.

Hybridization video (10 min).  Requires Real Media

Polarity of molecules discussed in terms of symmetry.

VSEPR that will show 3D shapes of all molecules that you need.  Show this while building balloons

Need help with VSEPR and all the shapes?  This is the place to go!

VSEPR site with lots of good 3-D pictures to help you visualize what is going on

I don't normally like Wikipedia, but these 3-d pictures are good for VSEPR.

VSEPR Summary  Type in the formula of your compound and see it in 3D


Energy and Rates:

Calorimetry experiments Some virtual experiments to help you with Calorimetry

Hess's Law explanation from the University of Waterloo

Problem Generator for more practice with Hess's Law

Reversible Reactions      Watch a reaction proceed over time.

Reactions and Rates      Find out what affects the rate of a reaction.

Alpha Decay      Watch alpha particles escape from a Polonium nucleus, causing radioactive alpha decay

Theoretical Tin with iodine Lab Data.  An excel file with all the data you need to analyze.

How Concentration affects the rate of reaction video.  (requires Quicktime)

How Surface Area affects the rate of reaction video.  (requires Quicktime)

How Temperature affects the rate of reaction video.  (requires Quicktime)

How a Catalyst affects the rate of a reaction video.  (requires Quicktime)

A Two Step Reaction Mechanism video.  (requires Quicktime)

A Three Step Reaction Mechanism video.  (requires Quicktime)

The 'Activated Complex'.  An animation showing exo and endothermic reactions and the activated complex.

Reaction Mechanisms and Rates Tutorial.  Try this.  It includes a quiz at the end to see how you are doing.

Organic Reactions:

Organic Reaction flowcharts.  This might help you make your own flowchart for the reactions that we need in class.



Equilibrium and Ksp:

Salts and Solubility         Add different salts to water, then watch them dissolve and achieve a dynamic equilibrium with solid precipitate.

Equilibrium with N2O4 animation

A Great tutorial on equilibrium

Excel spreadsheet to help you check your calculations for the Quantitative Equilibrium lab.

Chemical Equilibrium in the gas phase.  There are a variety of example problems that are worked out, plus practice problems that you can do.

LeChatelier's Principle.  See the effect of stress added to a system.

Calculating Equilibrium constants.  Need help on these calcs?  Try this activity.

Ksp calculations and explanations.

 If any of these are needed on tests....don't worry, I will give them to you.

Acids and Bases:

The pH Scale       Test the pH of things like coffee, spit, and soap

CHEMGUY Acids and Bases : Videos on properties and calculations for acids and bases.

Titration review.  Here is a good basic description of the titration process with pictures.

Titration animation of a strong acid and base.  Allows you to see the titration curve being generated.

Acids and Bases are really aqueous equilibriums.  Go here to see some good animations and explanations.

Buffers are the mixture of an acid or a base with its conjugate.  Watch this to see the effects of adding an acid or a base to a buffer.

A good review of all the calculations for Acid Base Equilibrium at Nauticus Chemistry.  It is not flashy but the explanations are clear.

Uncertainty in Volumetric Measuring devices.



Determing Oxidation numbers.  An interactive quiz.  Just press enter on the keyboard to go to the next question.

Which is Oxidized and which is Reduced.  Can you identify each?

Balancing REDOX reactions.  Here is some help from the University of Waterloo.

Balancing REDOX reactions.  Interactive examples for more practice

More practice balancing REDOX reactions.  The four quizzes at the top of the page are the ones that you can try.

Oxidation of Zn by O2.  Quicktime movie

Oxidation of Zn by H+ and by Cu2+. Another Quicktime movie

Zn Cu REDOX Transfer.  An excellent animation that goes through all important processes.

Pb Ag REDOX Transfer.  An excellent animation that goes through all important processes

Zinc Copper Electrochemical Cell.  If you are having problems visualizing the process, this will definately help.

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